Soot is a component of smoke; the oil that the fire casts into the air when synthetic materials burn. Synthetic materials make up of the majority of every home, so any common house fires generate massive amounts of soot. Soot can destroy your home in many ways, including embedding itself into every possession you own, and it is important to remedy soot damage to prevent and further issues that are difficult to resolve without proper equipment and expertise.
Leaving greasy stains, it’s not only ugly to look at, but touching any surface will leave slimy trace on your hand.
Soot and ash is both full of chemicals and acids that ruin everything they come into contact with. They can find their way into every nook and cranny of your home, penetrating into inaccessible spaces. It sticks to paint, clothes, fabrics, furniture, drapes and other family belongings. It’s oily and sticks easily to anything fabric, such as upholstery, drapes, and clothes. Even worse, it can corrode electrical wiring, eat away at surfaces and leave a nasty smell thats nearly impossible to get rid of.
It can be toxic, and once airborne, causes all sorts of health problems. It’ll also ruin your belongings, even if the stain isn’t visible. It also affects different surfaces differently; the quicker you’re able to start the restoration process on a fire damaged property, the more likely you will be able to restore various surfaces that will become more damaged with soot over time.
General components of smoke residue consists of;
- Oxides of nitrogen (organic components); NO2 + H2O = Nitric acid
- Hydrogen chloride (burning plastics); +H2O = Hydrochloric acid
- Carbon – the product of incomplete combustion
Degree of residue is determined by;
- Materials that burnt (e.g. plastics);
- The amount of oxygen present during combustion;
- Burning time (longer combustion is sustained);
- Temperature of combustion
- Temperature differential (smoke is attracted to cool surfaces)